What is Vertigo or Dizziness?

Vertigo attacks may develop suddenly, lasting for a few seconds or they can be more severe and last for several days, weeks or even months. In both cases, this can be very distressing and make normal daily activities very difficult.

If you are suffering from what you believe may be Vertigo, please contact us at CURA Medical Specialist. We provide expert vertigo treatment in Sydney to help you get back to carrying out your normal daily activities without fear of the onset of sudden symptoms.

Vertigo is a feeling that you or the things around you are moving or spinning, even when you are standing still. It can make you feel dizzy or lightheaded and sometimes it can be hard to keep your balance. This can be caused by problems in the inner ear, certain medications, or even certain types of headaches.

Dizziness is a word used to describe vertigo, lightheadedness or unsteadiness.

It’s important to know that vertigo is a symptom, not a disease itself.

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Ear infections are a common cause of Vertigo.


Common Causes of Vertigo

Many conditions can cause vertigo, from minor illnesses such as an inner ear infection to more serious diseases such as a stroke or brain tumour. The most common cause of Vertigo is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV).

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

BPPV occurs when calcium particles, called canaliths, dislodge from their normal location and build up in the inner ear. The inner ear sends a signal to the brain about your head and body positions relative to gravity, which helps you keep your balance, however, this change in head movements and position can trigger vertigo.

The most common causes of vertigo include:

  • Meniere’s disease – one of the inner ear disorders caused by changing ear pressure
  • Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis – inner ear problem related to change in ear pressure
  • Cervical vertigo, also known as cervicogenic dizziness, related the certain neck conditions
  • Head and neck injuries
  • Stroke or brain tumours
  • Migraine
  • Certain medications
  • Cholesteatoma
  • Pregnancy – due to hormonal changes, nausea and dizziness can trigger vertigo

Signs and Symptoms of Vertigo

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Vertigo is often described as feeling as if the room is spinning.

Vertigo is a symptom and may also lead to or occur with other symptoms. It is usually triggered by a change in head position. It is typically described as a sensation of:

  • Spinning
  • Tilting
  • Swaying
  • Unbalanced
  • Pulled in one direction
  • Lightheadedness

These common symptoms may occur alongside Vertigo:

  • Feeling nauseated
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears or hearing loss (tinnitus)

Depending on the severity of vertigo it may last for a few minutes but in rare cases, up to a few months.


Vertigo Treatment Options Available

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Nausea, headaches and sweating may occur when experiencing vertigo

Vertigo treatment will depend largely on the cause, so it is vital to establish the cause before deciding on the best treatment plan. A combined approach may be required for the best results, and therefore you may need to have more than one type of treatment.

Vestibular physiotherapy treatment

A type of physical therapy done by experienced physios that strengthens the vestibular system, which is the link between your inner ear and brain and keeps you balanced.

Canalith repositioning manoeuvres

When BPPV is the cause, this treatment includes a series of head movements to move the calcium deposits out of the canal and into the inner ear so they can be absorbed by the body. Chiropractic care practitioners, doctors and physiotherapists can assist with this treatment.


Medication can be used to reduce symptoms of vertigo or nausea caused by vertigo but often this effect is somewhat limited.


When vertigo is caused by more serious underlying issues such as neck or brain injuries or tumours, surgery may be the best option.


How much does Vertigo & Dizziness
treatment cost in Sydney?

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In rare cases, surgery may be needed to cure vertigo.

The consultation cost will vary depending on the service enquired, appointment duration, medicare availability and other factors. Please use this calculator to get an estimate of your cost on the day of your consultation.

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Why Choose Us

How CURA Medical Specialists
can help with Vertigo treatment

At CURA Medical Specialists, we are leading the charge against strokes and neurological disorders. We are highly trained and skilled in our field and are committed to offering you the best care. We strive to maintain excellent relationships with experts in all areas of neurology should we need to refer you to the appropriate experts.

Dr Hugh Stephen Winters

Dr Hugh Stephen Winters

MBChB (Auckland) FRACP (Neurology)
CCINR (Neurology)

Dr Winters is a specialist in general neurology, and interventional neurology and a fellow of the Royal Australasian college of physicians. He is highly trained in the use of minimally invasive image-guided techniques to diagnose and treat neurological disorders.

Dr Timothy Ang

Dr Timothy Ang

MBBS, FRACP (Neurology),
Head of Committee for CCINR

Dr Timothy Ang is a neurologist and interventionist at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney. He uses cutting-edge medical imaging tests to diagnose and treat neurovascular and neurological diseases. 



Below you can find our most frequently asked questions about vertigo:

The way to treat vertigo depends on what is causing it. In some cases, the problem can be fixed and vertigo will go away. For example, there is a specific exercise called Epley maneuver that can help with a common cause of vertigo called BPPV. Other times, vertigo may be caused by a long-term condition that cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be managed with medication, changes in lifestyle, and physical therapy.

This can depend on the cause of vertigo and whether your GP can administer manuevers to treat BPPV. Other causes can be treated by supporting you through an episode using medication to reduce your dizziness or nausea. Your GP should be able to help you get specialised help if they are concerned or unsure about the cause.

Yes, vestibular rehabilitation is for vertigo, it is a treatment to assist with vertigo and dizziness, and similar sensations. Vestibular physiotherapists are excellent at helping patients recover and cope with ongoing chronic symptoms.

Vertigo can be distressing and feel like something to be concerned about but in most cases, vertigo can be caused by a rare presentation of stroke and is often associated with a loss of imbalance and double vision.  If you are worried, you should try to see your GP as early as possible or present to your nearest Emergency Department.

All instances of vertigo should at least be discussed by your GP who can decide if you need to be seen by a specialist.

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